The creation–evolution controversy (also termed the creation vs.evolution debate or the origins debate) involves an ongoing, recurring cultural, political, and theological dispute about the origins of the Earth, of humanity, and of other life.
They argue for the Abrahamic accounts of creation, framing them as reputable science ("creation science").
The Catholic Church recognizes the existence of evolution.
Pope Francis has stated: "God is not a divine being or a magician, but the Creator who brought everything to life...
Evolution in nature is not inconsistent with the notion of creation, because evolution requires the creation of beings that evolve." The rules of genetic evolutionary inheritance were first discovered by a Catholic priest, the Augustinian monk Gregor Mendel, who is known today as the founder of modern genetics.
According to a 2014 Gallup survey, "More than four in 10 Americans continue to believe that God created humans in their present form 10,000 years ago, a view that has changed little over the past three decades.
Half of Americans believe humans evolved, with the majority of these saying God guided the evolutionary process.
However, the percentage who say God was not involved is rising." Today, many religious denominations accept that biological evolution has produced the diversity of living things over billions of years of Earth's history.
Many have issued statements observing that evolution and the tenets of their faiths are compatible.
Scientists and theologians have written eloquently about their awe and wonder at the history of the universe and of life on this planet, explaining that they see no conflict between their faith in God and the evidence for evolution.
Religious denominations that do not accept the occurrence of evolution tend to be those that believe in strictly literal interpretations of religious texts.
The creation–evolution controversy began in Europe and North America in the late 18th century, when new interpretations of geological evidence led to various theories of an ancient earth, and findings of extinctions demonstrated in the fossil geological sequence prompted early ideas of evolution, notably Lamarckism.