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When babies are born, they are assigned a gender based on their biological sex—male babies are assigned as boys, female babies are assigned as girls, and intersex babies are usually relegated into one category or another.
Scholars generally regard gender as a meaning that it does not exist naturally but is instead a concept that is created by cultural and societal norms.
From birth, children are socialized to conform to certain gender roles based on their biological sex and the gender to which they are assigned.
As we grow, we learn how to behave from those around us.
In this socialization process, children are introduced to certain roles that are typically linked to their biological sex.
The term "gender role" refers to society's concept of how men and women are expected to act and behave.
Gender roles are based on norms, or standards, created by society.
In American culture, masculine roles have traditionally been associated with strength, aggression, and dominance, while feminine roles have traditionally been associated with passivity, nurturing, and subordination.
The socialization process in which children learn these gender roles begins at birth.
Today, our society is quick to outfit male infants in blue and girls in pink, even applying these color-coded gender labels while a baby is in the womb.
It is interesting to note that these color associations with gender have not always been what they are today.