In 1969, Bernice Sandler used the executive order to help her fight for her job at the University of Maryland.
In 1970, Sandler joined Representative Edith Green's Subcommittee on Higher Education of the Education and Labor Committee and sat in on the congressional hearings where women's rights were discussed.
It was in the congressional hearings that Green and Sandler first proposed Title IX.
An early draft was authored by Representative Patsy Mink, with the assistance of Representative Green.
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An Act to amend the Higher Education Act of 1965, the Vocational Education Act of 1963, the General Education Provisions Act (creating a National Foundation for Postsecondary Education and a National Institute of Education), the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, Public Law 874, Eighty-first Congress, and related Acts, and for other purposes. In 1967, President Lyndon Johnson sent a series of executive orders in order to make some clarifications.
Title IX is a portion of the United States Education Amendments of 1972, Public Law No. Before these clarifications were made, the National Organization for Women (NOW) persuaded President Johnson to include women in his executive orders.
It states (in part) that: No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.
§§ 1681–1688, co-authored and introduced by Senator Birch Bayh; it was renamed the Patsy Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act in 2002, after Patsy Mink, its late House co-author and sponsor.
Most notable is Executive Order 11375, which required all entities receiving federal contracts to end discrimination on the basis of sex in hiring and employment.