Due to the availability of technology, citizens often can report breaking news more quickly than traditional media reporters.
Or you could fact-check a newspaper article from the mainstream media and point out factual errors or bias on your blog.
Or you might snap a digital photo of a newsworthy event happening in your town and post it online.
Or you might videotape a similar event and post it on a site such as You Tube.
Radsch defines citizen journalism "as an alternative and activist form of newsgathering and reporting that functions outside mainstream media institutions, often as a response to shortcomings in the professional journalistic field, that uses similar journalistic practices but is driven by different objectives and ideals and relies on alternative sources of legitimacy than traditional or mainstream journalism".
Citizen journalism is not to be confused with community journalism or civic journalism, both of which are practiced by professional journalists.
Collaborative journalism is also a separate concept and is the practice of professional and non-professional journalists working together.
Similarly, Social Journalism is a separate concept denoting a digital publication with a hybrid of professional and non-professional journalism.
Citizen journalism is a specific form of both citizen media and user-generated content.
By juxtaposing the term "citizen", with its attendant qualities of civic-mindedness and social responsibility, with that of "journalism", which refers to a particular profession, Courtney C.
Radsch argues that this term best describes this particular form of online and digital journalism conducted by amateurs, because it underscores the link between the practice of journalism and its relation to the political and public sphere.
New media technology, such as social networking and media-sharing websites, in addition to the increasing prevalence of cellular telephones, have made citizen journalism more accessible to people worldwide.